South Korea warns against Bitcoin ETF trading in the United States


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In response to the recent approval of US Bitcoin ETFs, the Financial Services Commission (FSC) of South Korea has issued a cautionary directive, signaling potential regulatory adjustments in light of the evolving cryptocurrency landscape. 

The financial services regulatory authority of South Korea speaks out on Bitcoin ETF 

In a press release dated January 12, the Financial Services Commission of South Korea (FSC), a major regulatory authority in the country, issued a warning to national financial entities engaged in the intermediation of exchange-traded funds (ETFs) of Bitcoin coming from the United States. 

The commission has emphasized that such activities could potentially contravene the current government’s position on virtual assets, as well as the regulations outlined in the Capital Markets Act.

The opinion of the FSC comes after the United States Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) granted the long-awaited legal approval for Bitcoin ETFs on January 10, with official trading starting on January 11. 

While the South Korean regulatory environment for cryptocurrencies is still in its early stages, the FSC is signaling its intention to review and potentially update regulations in response to developments overseas, particularly in the United States.

The regulatory landscape surrounding cryptocurrencies is dynamic and subject to continuous evolutions. For this reason, the cautious position of the FSC reflects its commitment to ensuring compliance. This is also considering the existing legal frameworks and its proactive approach to adapting regulations as the cryptocurrency space matures.

The South Korean government is evidently determined to align its policies with the global cryptocurrency landscape. As demonstrated by its willingness to review and potentially modify existing regulations.

The national ban on Bitcoin ETFs in South Korea

South Korea remains firm in its national ban on Bitcoin ETFs and other cryptocurrencies. The news is in stark contrast with the United States, which has just received official approval for spot Bitcoin ETFs.

The country’s financial regulatory authority, the Financial Services Commission (FSC), has reiterated its position, confirming that local financial institutions cannot purchase, own, or invest in cryptocurrencies. 

This restriction also applies to launches of exchange-traded funds on Bitcoin and cryptocurrencies. Indicating the firmness of the FSC in maintaining the stability of financial markets and protecting investors.

The decision of the FSC is further highlighted by its commitment to maintain stringent rules in force, regardless of developments in the United States. 

While in the USA Bitcoin spot ETFs have become regulated financial instruments since January 10, 2024, South Korea persists in limiting the underlying activities for investment contract securities to currencies, ordinary commodities, and financial investment instruments, explicitly excluding cryptocurrencies.

The regulatory framework in South Korea reflects a concern for the protection of domestic investors. Through the prevention of illegal fund flows, money laundering, and speculative behaviors.

The recent proposal to ban the use of credit cards to purchase cryptocurrencies is part of this broader strategy.

This strategy aims to limit the access of crypto traders to foreign exchanges.

The results of the Bitcoin ETF in the USA

The data analysis carried out reveals that the first day of trading of Bitcoin spot ETFs saw a total volume exceeding 4.5 billion dollars for ten different ETFs.

According to Timothy Peterson, an investment manager at Cane Macro, this significant trading activity translates into the acquisition of approximately 47,000 Bitcoins, valued at $2.1 billion based on current market prices. 

These figures underline the significant interest and market demand for these recently introduced financial instruments.

In perspective, it is likely that the spotlight will shift to Ether spot ETFs. BlackRock, a major financial institution, has requested regulatory approval for an Ether spot ETF in November 2023. 

The SEC’s decision is expected on May 23, 2024, and market observers predict a positive outcome for Ether ETFs following the success of Bitcoin ETF launches.


The FSC’s warning against national involvement in spot Bitcoin ETFs in the USA highlights regulatory challenges and considerations.

The commitment of the commission to a thorough review of the regulations demonstrates its dedication to promoting a safe and, above all, compliant environment for cryptocurrency-related activities in South Korea.

As global markets embrace these new financial instruments, regulatory bodies around the world will continue to play a crucial role in shaping the future of cryptocurrency trading and investments.