The Turkish regulatory horizon on cryptocurrencies: towards the final phase of technical studies



Turkey is rapidly moving towards the finalization of comprehensive cryptocurrency regulations: Finance Minister Mehmet Şimşek has revealed the imminent completion of technical studies.

With a particular focus on strengthening trust and mitigating risks, the legislation proposed by Turkey includes a broad definition of cryptographic assets, laying the groundwork for regulatory clarity in the evolving digital financial landscape.

The end of technical studies for crypto regulation in Turkey

Turkey is about to complete the full technical studies for the imminent formulation of regulations on crypto, as announced by the Minister of Finance Mehmet Şimşek.

This development was reported by several Turkish news outlets on Wednesday, highlighting the nation’s accelerated efforts to establish clear guidelines for the cryptocurrency industry, with a specific focus on obtaining licenses from the capital markets regulatory authority.

The impetus for Turkey’s swift action in drafting cryptocurrency legislation lies in its broader goal of exiting the gray list of the Financial Action Task Force (FATF).

The FATF identifies countries that require improvement in anti-money laundering measures, putting Turkey under observation. 

Minister Şimşek has reiterated that the imminent regulatory framework aims to strengthen trust in the cryptocurrency space and mitigate potential risks.

Şimşek emphasized the inclusive nature of the proposed legislation, defining crypto assets as 

“immaterial assets that can be created and stored electronically using distributed ledger technology or a similar technology, distributed on digital networks and capable of expressing value or rights”.

This expansive definition reflects the government’s careful consideration of the different forms and functionalities present in the cryptocurrency landscape.

The key to the regulatory framework is the assignment of the responsibility to grant licenses to cryptocurrency exchanges to the Capital Markets Board (CMB). 

The CMB will apply minimum operating conditions similar to those imposed on traditional financial institutions, ensuring a solid regulatory framework that aligns with established financial standards.

Minister Şimşek stated that the final legislative proposals on cryptocurrencies will be presented within the current month, positioning Turkey ahead of the FATF evaluation scheduled for February. 

This timing underlines the government’s commitment to quickly implement regulations, showing a proactive stance in aligning with international standards.


In conclusion, Turkey’s steps towards finalizing regulations on cryptocurrencies underline the commitment to create a safe and transparent environment in the digital finance sector. 

The announcement by Minister of Finance Mehmet Şimşek of imminent conclusions of technical studies signals the nation’s dedication to adhering to international standards, particularly in addressing anti-money laundering issues. 

The inclusive definition of cryptographic assets and the central role assigned to the Capital Markets Board in authorizing exchanges reflect a meticulous approach to the creation of a solid regulatory framework. 

As Turkey positions itself for the FATF evaluation in February, the upcoming regulatory guidelines are ready not only to elevate the nation’s position globally but also to provide the foundation for a well-regulated and reliable cryptocurrency landscape. 

The ongoing developments affirm Turkey’s strategic response to the evolving dynamics of the cryptocurrency sector, heralding an era of clarity and accountability in this transforming financial industry.